Perth East Local History
Perth East is a place known for its rich history and cultural diversity. Western Australia's smallest region is situated in the central Wheatbelt, covering an area of 2,536 square kilometers. Though it might be small, Perth East has a fascinating past. It is home to many heritage sites that allow a glimpse into the region's history. Before the arrival of European settlers, Perth East was occupied by the Ballardong Noongar people who referred to it as "Moora Moora" meaning "big hill". The Noongar people lived off the land, hunting, fishing, and utilizing the natural resources in the area. They had a knowledge and appreciation of the environment that sustained them. The discovery of gold in the late 19th century saw the arrival of European settlers, and with them came the development of the region. The town of Northam was established in 1836 on the banks of the Avon River. The town quickly grew, and by the turn of the century, the population had soared to over 4,000 people. Northam became an important transportation hub for the Wheatbelt region, with goods and produce transported by train to other parts of Western Australia. In 1900, the Northam Road Board was established, which would later become the Shire of Northam. The Shire of Northam was instrumental in the development of the region, building roads, and providing other infrastructure. The Northam Railway Station, built-in 1886, is a testament to the region's rich history. It is one of the country's few remaining railway stations that boast a turntable and roundhouse. During the Second World War, the region played an important role in Australia's defense. The No. 10 Elementary Flying Training School was established in 1940, which trained pilots for the Royal Australian Air Force. The school was important in preparing the country for its defense against potential Japanese invasion. Today, the No. 10 Elementary Flying Training School Memorial can be found in York. In recent years, Perth East has seen a resurgence in agriculture and tourism. The region is home to many farms that produce wheat, barley, oats, and other crops. In addition, there are many wineries that produce award-winning wines. Tourism has become a significant industry in the region, with visitors coming from across the globe to explore the region's natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The Avon Valley, with its stunning vistas and diverse wildlife, is a popular destination for nature lovers. The region's rich history is also showcased through various cultural events and festivals held throughout the year. Perth East has a fascinating history that is reflected in the region's architecture, heritage sites, and cultural diversity. The region's development would not have been possible without the hard work and determination of the local people who built the region from scratch. Today, Perth East is a thriving community that is proud of its past and excited about its future.